General Francisco Franco

The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

In July 1936, Spain was ruled as a monarchist republic. Strikes and political maneuvering marked months of economic turmoil. Into this cauldron stepped Spanish Army General Francisco Franco, commander of the armies of Spanish Morocco. He attempted a coup de ├ętat in late July 1936, coming to Madrid from Morocco borne by German and Italian aircraft.

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