The World War II Multimedia Database

For the 72 Million

Devastation of Heilbronn, Germany

Image Information
Heilbronn is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. In 1940 allied air raids started and the city and its surrounding area were hit about 20 times with minor damage. On September 10, 1944 a raid by the allies targeted the city and, specifically, the Bss‚àÇckingen train transfer station. 281 residents died as a result of 1,168 bombs dropped that day. The city was carpet-bombed from the southern quarter all the way to the Kilianskirche in the centre of town. The church burnt out. The catastrophe for Heilbronn was the bombing raid on December 4, 1944. During that raid the centre of town was completely destroyed and the surrounding boroughs were heavily damaged. Within one half hour 6,500 residents perished. Of those, 5,000 were later buried in mass graves in the Ehrenfriedhof (cemetery of honor) in the valley of the Kss‚àÇpfer creek close to the city. To this day, a memorial is held annually in memory of those that died that day. As a result of the war Heilbronn‘s population shrank to 46,350. After a ten-day battle with the advancing allies over the strategically important Neckar crossings World War II ended for the destroyed city on April 12, 1945 with occupation by United States troops. Richard Drauz was the Heilbronn district NSDAP leader since 1932. Drauz took time for numerous court-martials while on the run from the allies and was hanged on December 4, 1946 in Landsberg because he ordered executions of American prisoners of war in March of 1945.
Image Filename wwii1001.jpg
Image Size 1.88 MB
Image Dimensions 2928 x 2385
Photographer Clover, Harold W.
Photographer Title
Caption Author Jason McDonald
Date Photographed April 15, 1945
Location Downtown Heilbronn
City Heilbronn
State or Province Baden-Wss∫rttemberg
Country Germany
Archive National Archives and Records Administration
Record Number

Next Post

Previous Post

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

© 2024 The World War II Multimedia Database

Theme by Anders Norén