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Landing Ship Medium (Rocket) Fire on Tokashiki, Kerama

Image Information
LSM(R)-196 LSM(R)-190 and LSM(R)-199 firing rockets off Tokashiki Island in Kerama-retto in support of the landing of the 306th Regiment of the 77th Infantry Division. The island was declared secure on March 29, 1945; Japanese continued to hold out until the end of the war. The United States Navy adapted the Landing Ship Medium as a gunboat/rocketship in 1944. Built at Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, the LSM(R)‘s carried one 5-inch (127 millimeter) dual-pupose gun, two 40 mm Bofors and three 20 mm oerlikon antiaircraft guns, and 75 5-inch four-rail Mark 36 (capable of variable elevation) and 30 5-inch six-rail Mark 30 (fixed at 45 degrees) rocket launchers that could fire either spin-stabilized or fin-stabilized rockets. The warheads were usually modified 5-inch/38 caliber artillery shells with 8.6 pounds (3.9 kilograms) of trinitrotoluene (TNT). The entire complement of 380 rockets could be fired in under one minute to a range of 10,000 yards (9.1 kilometers). After supporting amphibious landings in Kerama and Okinawa with rocket barrages, LSMs were detailed to provide additional antiaircraft support to radar picket ships protecting the invasion fleet from kamikaze attacks. LSM(R)-190 was sunk by a kamikaze on May 4, 1945 while on picket duty.
Image Filename wwii1343.jpg
Image Size 2 MB
Image Dimensions 2772 x 2201
Photographer Unknown
Photographer Title
Caption Author Jason McDonald
Date Photographed March 27, 1945
Location Tokashiki
City Kerama
State or Province Ryukyus
Country Japan
Archive National Archives and Records Administration
Record Number
Status Caption ©2007, ©2024 MFA Productions LLC
Image in the Public Domain

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