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Marines of the Twelfth Ammunition Company Rest on Okinawa

Image Information
At the base of a Chukonhi (Monument to the Loyal Souls of the First Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese War) African-American Marines of the Twelfth Ammunition Company (attached to the landing beaches of the First and Sixth Marine Divisions) rest between unloading supplies. They are Private First Class Floyd O. Snowdon, Sr. and United States Navy Pharmacist‘s Mate Second Class James R. Martin on the steps; on the monument itself, left to right, are Privates John T. Walton, and Robison T. Ellingburg, Private First Class Clyde Brown and Private Robert Brawner. This Chukonhi was sponsored by Imperial Japanese Army General Suzuki, possibly Major General Shigeki Suzuki of the 4Fourth Independent Mixed Brigade. They were erected all over Japan to honor the war dead of 1895-1905. The Twelfth Ammunition Company landed on April 1, 1945 and was on Okinawa when the island was declared secure on June 22. Over 2,000 African Americans served on Okinawa. Several were killed in combat operations. After the Okinawa campaign the Twelfth Ammunition Company was sent to support the occupation of China. After the war, the Japanese and the Americans destroyed many Chukonhi as they were examples of State-supported Shintoism. Many were simply buried or ignored, and their public upkeep is a source of controversy in Japan to this day.
Image Filename wwii1334.jpg
Image Size 1.68 MB
Image Dimensions 2300 x 2827
Photographer Sarno, Art
Photographer Title Corporal, United States Marine Corps
Caption Author Jason McDonald
Date Photographed April 12, 1945
Location Suzuki Chukonhi
State or Province Okinawa
Country Japan
Archive National Archives and Records Administration
Record Number
Status Caption ©2007, ©2024 MFA Productions LLC
Image in the Public Domain

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